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Irregular heartbeat: symptoms and causes

Cardiovascular Disease

An irregular or abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) is when the heart rhythm is not steady.

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Coronary heart disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Coronary heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease, is a common condition where the major blood vessels to the heart become blocked and narrowed.

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Cardiac arrest

Cardiovascular Disease

A cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops beating. It is a medical emergency and can be fatal without immediate treatment.

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Peripheral artery disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a type of cardiovascular disease in which the narrowing of arteries results in reduced blood flow to a body part outside of the heart or brain.

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Blood clots: symptoms and causes

Cardiovascular Disease

Blood clotting is a natural process that occurs to prevent excessive bleeding. However, blood clots can also form on the inside of blood vessels.

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Atherosclerotic plaque

Cardiovascular Disease

Atherosclerotic plaque is composed of fat, cholesterol, calcium and inflammatory cells that build up on the inside of the body’s arteries.

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Atrial fibrillation: irregular heartbeat

Cardiovascular Disease

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of abnormal heart rhythm where the heart beats irregularly – it may be rapid or slow.

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Cardiovascular disease: impacts and risks

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to all the diseases of the heart and circulation, including coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, heart attack, congenital heart disease and stroke.

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Thrombosis: symptoms and causes

Cardiovascular Disease

Thrombosis is when a blood clot (thrombus) forms inside a blood vessel, potentially blocking the flow of blood through the circulatory system and causing serious health issues.

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Atherosclerosis: causes and risk factors

Cardiovascular Disease

Atherosclerosis is the main underlying cause of cardiovascular disease.

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Heart attack: causes and warning signs

Cardiovascular Disease

A heart attack occurs when the heart is deprived of oxygen due to a blockage in one of the coronary arteries that supplies blood to the heart.

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Acute coronary syndrome

Cardiovascular Disease

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an umbrella term for situations where blood supply to the heart is blocked.

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Congenital heart disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Congenital heart disease is a general term for problems with the heart’s structure that are present from birth. It is the most common type of birth defect.

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Heart failure

Cardiovascular Disease

Heart failure is when the heart does not work as well as it should in pumping blood and oxygen around the body, causing extra fluid to build up in the body.

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Stroke: symptoms, causes and prevention

Cardiovascular Disease

A stroke occurs when the brain does not get the blood supply that it needs.

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Women and heart disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Heart disease and heart attacks are often associated with middle aged or older men. However, women are just as affected.

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Preeclampsia: signs, symptoms and treatment

Cardiovascular Disease

Preeclampsia is a serious condition where high blood pressure develops during pregnancy, affecting both the mother and unborn baby.

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Diabetes

Cardiovascular Disease

Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot maintain healthy blood glucose levels. People living with type 2 diabetes are over twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease.

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