A leading cardiologist from the Heart Research Institute (HRI) is embarking on a world-first exercise study that could revolutionise the way those with half a heart live their lives.
Associate Professor Rachael Cordina says people with half a heart or single-ventricle congenital heart disease (Fontan-CHD) have the worst life expectancy of CHD patients and treatments to help improve their circulation are not well established.
“A whole generation of children has grown up consciously not exercising, putting themselves at risk of obesity through their inactivity,” she said.
“Some have developed into adults who are very unfit and don't meet anywhere near the physical activity recommendations for the general population.
“Emerging research is now suggesting that exercising is even more important than in the general population for people with the most complex types of CHD because it has special effects on the circulation as well as their physical and mental health, and quality of life,” she said.
“Pilot data showed that regular resistance exercise improves their heart output, their exercise capacity – their circulation worked much better.”
Assoc Prof Cordina, with HRI’s Clinical Research Group, is recruiting 400 people for the four-year-study to test the exercise theory, which will be the largest ever randomised control trial in this cohort.
“Our intervention will follow people for one year and carefully study the impact exercise has on their physical and psychological wellbeing.
“This will help us to develop clearly defined models of care to improve and hopefully lengthen the lives of this group of young people who have often had incredibly challenging life journeys.
“People living with half a heart have no heart pump to push blood up through the lungs, so they rely heavily on the exercising muscles in the body – but there is hardly any research to understand the true impact of exercise on these special circulations and how to safely implement exercise training.”
The HRI research team has begun recruiting children to exercise face-to-face in small groups in their local area.
Adults will be trained by HRI personal trainers in local Fitness First gyms.
There are about 1,600 people living with Fontan (“half a heart”) CHD in Australia and New Zealand and over 100,000 living with other types of complex CHD.
Assoc Prof Cordina says the research gives families and young people with CHD hope.
HRI’s Chief Executive Officer Dr Stephen Hollings says the study needs additional funding to move Assoc Prof Cordina’s research to the next stage.
“HRI is a not-for-profit and our scientists do win peer-reviewed competitive government grant funding, but we rely on the community for over 70 per cent of our funds,” he said.
“This fundraising appeal will enable the research team to learn which types of exercises are best suited to individuals who have CHD and to tailor treatment plans.